What are Thermocouple Cables?
Thermocouple cables and extension wires allow the accurate and electronic measurement of temperature and have numerous industrial applications in specialist and extreme environments.
They generally comprise two strands of conductor made of different metals, one being the positive conductor and the other the negative conductor. The two dissimilar metals in the thermocouple cable are electrically joined at the sensing point. When heated the metals produces a thermoelectric charge (Electro Motive Force, or EMF), which changes as the temperature increases or decreases. The EMF (measured in millivolts) that arises is proportional to the temperature difference between the two conductors at the sensing point.
Different temperature applications require different metal conductors, different jacketing/sheathing materials and different calibration. Thermocouple cables are therefore available in a broad range of combinations of conductor, jacketing and calibration. Each pair calibrated to suit a different temperature range and environment. The most common types are manufactured to IEC Specifications J, K, T, N and IEC colour Codes. They are also available in many other local colour codes.
The diameter of conductor used also plays an important part. Generally larger diameter conductors can withstand higher temperatures and are more durable, but have a slower response time than smaller diameter conductors.
Typically, both conductors are insulated then laid or twisted together and finally over-sheathed or over-braided.
Criteria for consideration when selecting a thermocouple cable:
- Temperature range required
- Chemical resistance of the sheath material
- The environment or atmosphere the cable will be exposed to – metals react differently in different environments even at similar temperatures
- Space available and method of installation
- Dissimilar conductors within a single cable
- Insulation types include; PFA, FEP, PTFE or Polyimide
- Choice of conductor combinations according to temperature range and application
- Conductor alloys include; Copper, Constantan, Nickel Chromium, Nickel Aluminium, Iron, Nicrosil, Nisil & Cupronic
- Available as twisted pair, multi-core , flat twin or single shot constructions
- Colour coded insulation for ease of identification
- Excellent resistance to chemicals, oils and lubricants
- Wide temperature performance
- Can be manufactured to meet requirements of BS 60584-2, BS 4937-30, American ANSI MC96.1 & ASTM E230, German DIN, French NFC, Japan JIS, British BS1843 and IEC 60584-1
- Connecting Thermcouple sensors to devices
- Instrumentation & control
- Temperature measurement
- Chemical measurement
A range of different thermocouple cable types to suit different applications designed and manufactured to meet the requirements of BS EN 60584-2, BS 4937-30.
Why should I Buy Thermocouple Cables from Heatsense?
Heatsense Cables are a UK-based specialist cable manufacture who can produce a broad range of Thermocouple Cables for use in the most challenging and extreme environments. With clients from the Oil and Gas to the Steel and Nuclear industries, we are confident we have a cable to suit your requirements. If we haven't listed exactly what you need in our product list below, please get in touch with our team of expert cable designers who may be able to design and create one to meet your requirements. All of our cables are made to order so you can rest assured we have a solution for you.
Our thermocouple cables have now been certified Fit For Nuclear and we have supplied cables into a new built Nuclear site at very short notice to a completely custom and bespoke design and specification.
What type of Thermocouple Cable do you need?
We stock a core range of Thermocouple cables that are all designed and manufactured in our own factory in the UK.
Explore our selected products below. We can also build a bespoke solution if you require something very specific, which is not specified below. Click on the cable types below to see the full product range for each: